https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/issue/feed Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades 2021-12-01T12:07:45-08:00 Associação Amigos da Natureza da Alta Paulista editoraanap@gmail.com Open Journal Systems É com satisfação que informamos que a <strong>Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades </strong>obteve o<strong> Qualis A4</strong>, conforme prévio estudo da nova metodologia de avaliação de periódicos pela CAPES (Ofício nº 6/2019-CGAP/DAV/CAPES).<p>A Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades está direcionada para a divulgação de trabalhos científicos, resultado de pesquisa de natureza empírica, experimental ou conceitual, resultantes de pesquisas de mestrado, de doutorado ou de densidade similar.</p><p>Foco da revista - "<strong>Arquitetura e Urbanismo com ênfase no planejamento e gestão"</strong></p><p>Área de Arquitetura, Urbanismo e Design</p><p><strong>Atenção - A partir de 2020 os artigos serão publicados em i<strong>nglês e português.</strong></strong></p><div id="icpbravoaccess_loaded"><p>Para submissão, não serão aceitos artigos com autoria ou coautoria de alunos graduando ou graduados, "todos os autores" deverão estar ligados a programas de stricto sensu ou terem a titulação mínima de mestre. (<a href="https://www.editoraanap.org/rngc">Ver requisitos e orientações para submissão</a>)</p></div><div id="icpbravoaccess_loaded"> </div><div id="icpbravoaccess_loaded"> </div> https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2960 Sound mapping and acoustic simulations in the implementation of the northern stretch of the Green Line in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil 2021-10-30T18:04:24-07:00 Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin paulo.zannin@gmail.com Paulo Eduardo Kirrian Fiedler paulofiedler@gmail.com Erik de Lima Andrade eng.erik@hotmail.com <p>The present study aims to study environmental noise pollution in areas close to the northern stretch of the Green Line, in Curitiba, PR, Brazil, which has a length of approximately 8 km. For this purpose, <em>in situ</em> measurements of sound levels were carried out and noise pollution was evaluated through the calculation of noise maps in addition to acoustic simulations. Measurements were recorded at 16 points following the guidelines of the NBR 10151. Acoustic maps were made for each point using proper acoustic software. The aim was to verify whether measured values were within a margin error of up to 4.6 dB(A) compared to simulated values. After validating the maps and verifying the noise pollution at the selected points, one of the points, which is close to a hospital, was analyzed alone to evaluate different simulation scenarios. The selected scenarios were replacement of common asphalt for one with porous properties; 90% restriction on the quantity of heavy vehicles; reduction of average speed of vehicles from 80 km/h to 60 km/h; 50% restriction on the number of vehicles of all categories; and acoustic situation of the site, including all the measurements proposed in the previous scenarios. All scenarios presented in this work reveal that the measurements adopted were not sufficient to reach 55 dB(A) near sensitive areas such as hospitals. They also show that just one control measure is not enough to lower noise efficiently. A plan with several joint measures is needed to alleviate the problem.</p> 2021-10-30T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2961 Housing policy, shortage and socio-spatial segregation in the city of Piracicaba (SP) 2021-10-30T18:18:35-07:00 Bárbara Caetano Damasceno bc.damasceno@unesp.br Jefferson Oliveira Goulart jefferson.goulart@unesp.br <p>The objective of the paper is to evaluate the close relationship between public policies of social housing, housing deficit and the process of socio-spatial segregation in the city of Piracicaba, located in the interior of the state of São Paulo, in Brazil, between the years 2000-2020. For this, the method adopted consists of a mixed quali-quantitative approach. Whether due to lack or inadequacy, the housing problem is one of the main urban shortages, whose measurement can be made from the deficit and household inadequacy indicators. To address these issues, housing policies are presented as a state intervention to provide access to housing. However, after years of implementing these policies, the paradox created by them is noted, since, although they were able to face part of the problem, they contributed to the intensification of socio-spatial segregation on the intra-urban scale. In these terms, Piracicaba is an emblematic case of the relationship that is established territorially between these elements, in which socio-spatial segregation is seen as a by-product of social housing policies, under the pretext of coping with housing needs. The investigation therefore seeks to contribute to research on the relationship between housing policies and socio-spatial segregation in medium-sized cities in São Paulo, inserting the concept of deficit as a basic element of this problem.</p> 2021-10-30T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2962 Acoustic Behavior and Design of Large Urban Spaces – Canyon and Tunnel 2021-10-30T18:30:42-07:00 Felipe do Valle felipe_valle85@hotmail.com Eva Veres veres@lbp.uni-stuttgart.de Matthias Brodbeck mathias.brodbeck@lbp.uni-stuttgart.de Zhou Xiaoru xiaoru.zhou@ibp.fraunhofer.de Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin paulo.zannin@gmail.com <p>Residents of large urban centers are daily exposed to urban noise pollution, especially to noise generated by traffic of vehicles. Environmental noise may harm the environment and the population's quality of life. Therefore, studies that aim to reduce the effects of noise pollution are extremely relevant. In urban divisions, there must be spaces between or in buildings to ensure access for people and vehicles. However, regarding sound transmission, these spaces are considered "weak points" as they ease the passage of urban noise to other spaces that have housing. Thus, this study, carried out in the city of Stuttgart/Germany, evaluates the influence of urban spaces called tunnel and canyon on the transmission of traffic noise to residential facades posterior to these spaces. Two locations were selected: the first with the presence of a tunnel-like space and the second with a canyon-like space. Through measurements and acoustic simulations, the current sound environment of the places was measured. In acoustic simulations, variations of geometric aspects and sound absorption coefficients of the internal surfaces of open spaces were also considered. The results show that the dimensions of open spaces are significant in sound transmission, especially the parameters width and height. The data also show that the installation of coatings with sound absorption on the internal surfaces of spaces is a viable measure from a technical point of view, as it resulted in an attenuation of up to 22 dB(A) on posterior facades.</p> 2021-10-30T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2963 Accessibility and sustainable use of Urban Green Areas as a factor for environmental preservation 2021-10-30T18:43:24-07:00 Francisca Dalila Menezes Vasconcelos menezes.dalila@gmail.com Francisco Suetonio Bastos Mota suetonio@ufc.br Larissa de Miranda Menescal larissa.menescal@gmail.com <p>The accessibility of Urban Green Areas (UGA) is widely studied in terms of parameters and metrics. The present work aims to analyze the relationship of accessibility and use of Urban Green Areas with the environmental preservation of these areas. To this end, a bibliographic survey of the existing indexes and indicators of accessibility of existing UGA was first carried out, resulting in 14 scientific papers analyzed. Then, three UGA of the city of Fortaleza were selected to analyze the relationship between accessibility and environmental preservation. It was found that areas without accessibility and sustainable use showed a higher degree of environmental degradation when compared to areas that had some kind of use or accessibility by residents.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-30T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2964 Automotive traffic noise and urban public spaces 2021-10-30T18:54:10-07:00 Greicikelly Gaburro Paneto arquitetando.x@gmail.com Cristina Engel de Alvarez engel@npd.ufes.br Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin paulo.zannin@gmail.com <p>In contemporary cities, and usually without realizing it, the population has been exposed to high sound pressure levels, which besides causing discomfort, can lead to health problems. Considering that a large part of this noise comes from emission from motor vehicles, this research aims to evaluate the sound behavior in sound environments configured by voids in the urban fabric, in order to identify whether open spaces can act as attenuators of sound levels. To obtain the expected results, the methodology used was structured from a review of the state-of-the-art and computer simulations relating the variables that influence the formation of urban space and sound emission and propagation, taking as a case study an urban portion of the municipality of Vitória/ES. In parallel, questionnaires were applied to evaluate the user's perception of their exposure. The measurement results indicated that the sound pressure levels caused by traffic noise are above the limit tolerated limit by the NBR norm 10151:2000 for the daytime period. In turn, the results obtained from the population indicated that there is little perception of noise by the users of the spaces surveyed.</p> 2021-10-30T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2965 A brief study of public transportation and sustainable cities management during COVID-19 pandemic 2021-10-30T19:05:10-07:00 Jacqueline de Almeida Barbosa Franco jacqueline.barbosa@unesp.br Rosane Aparecida Gomes Battistelle rosane.battistelle@unesp.br Barbara Stolte Bezerra barbarabezerra@unesp.br <p>This paper aims to analyse the measures adopted in Brazilian State Capitals and the Federal District, since the beginning of the pandemic, to ensure safety conditions in public transport against the possible contagion of COVID-19, suggesting sustainable actions aligned to SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities for the post-COVID future. Based on relevant data from March to July 2020, acquired from journals, newspapers, and municipal and governmental decrees, it was possible to identify measures adopted for public transportation during the first COVID-19 wave in Brazil. The results demonstrate that it is necessary to create a strategy and map the extent of population mobility in public transport. These information is essential for predicting risk areas, making decisions, and establishing effective control mechanisms. Innovative and sustainable urban mobility requires clear policies and cooperation between public authorities and private transportation companies and investment in public roads and infrastructure and sustainable actions aligned with SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities ​​for the post-COVID future.</p> 2021-10-30T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2967 Evaluation of road traffic noise near tube-shaped bus rapid transit shelters 2021-10-31T04:28:58-07:00 Geanesson Alberto de Oliveira Santos geanesson@yahoo.com.br Eriberto Oliveira do Nascimento eriberto.on@gmail.com Paulo Henrique Trombeta Zannin paulo.zannin@gmail.com <p>Noise pollution is generally imperceptible, but it can cause various disorders, including psychological disorders, hearing loss and cardiovascular disease. Curitiba Municipal Law 10.625:2002 establishes upper limits of daytime noise exposure according to zoning areas and land use in the City of Curitiba. The purpose of this study was to evaluate noise immissions of urban traffic in the proximities of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) shelters in Curitiba, Brazil. Daytime traffic noise levels were measured between 8am and 5pm near the entrance of these bus shelters in July and August 2014. Fifty-four measurement points at parks, residences, stores, schools, universities and hospitals in different zoning groups of the municipality were selected as a function of the type of population. The noise levels were recorded using a class I sound level meter. Brazil has no specific standard or law for traffic noise immissions, so the guidelines of the Brazilian standard ABNT NBR 10151:2000 were used. It was concluded that 74% of the measured noise levels varied from 70 to 76 dB(A). Only point 48, close to the Antônio Meireles Sobrinho BRT Shelter, was considered free of noise pollution. Traffic noise accounts for an overall average of 73 dB(A). A few bus shelters installed on the same street had an absolute average difference of 3 dB(A), while bus shelters located farther away from roads were the least noisy. The lowest average traffic noise levels, i.e., 71 dB(A), were recorded on roads for exclusive use by BRT buses.</p> 2021-10-31T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2968 Solid waste management and contemporary challenges 2021-10-31T04:38:15-07:00 Marconi Vieira da Silva marconi.vsa@gmail.com Elfany Reis do Nascimento Lopes elfany@csc.ufsb.edu.br <p>In the present study we analyze and discuss socioenvironmental impacts arising from inadequate management of urban solid waste in the Brazilian Discovery Coast, southern Bahia. We also discuss the challenges to be overcome to promote proper management, highlighting the need for social inclusion of waste pickers. Methodological procedures consisted of an applied and exploratory research, through a review of specialized scientific literature. We also used secondary data available at the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics and at the National Sanitation Information System, and applied a structured online questionnaire to municipal managers of public sanitation services. The cities under study only transfer the waste generated in urban centers to distant areas, in dumps, negatively affecting the environment and public health. There are neither management units nor incentive practices or support programs aimed at recyclable material collectors. Due to the weaknesses and the socioenvironmental, cultural, and historical importance of the area under study, the creation of public policies with broad popular participation is urgently needed to promote a fairer, healthier, and more sustainable development.</p> 2021-10-31T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2969 The city as a common good 2021-10-31T04:49:44-07:00 Camila Marques Paes da Cunha camilampc@estudante.ufscar.br Luciana Márcia Gonçalves lucianamg@ufscar.br <p>The contemporary urbanization process in Brazil is directly related to the dynamics of the capitalist production mode. In this production mode the urban land, as well as habitation, become commodities – individual or collective consumer goods. With the increase in municipal autonomy back in the 1990s, along with the approval of the Statue of Cities in 2001, new tools for organization of urban territory and production of habitations were created. This work makes a brief analysis of the right to city’s trajectory, since the creation of such concept by Henri Lefebvre in the 1960s, until the concept’s appropriation by Brazilian legislation. Through bibliographical review, it relates the social role of property as means to grant the right to the city.</p> 2021-10-31T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2970 COVID-19 and Education 2021-10-31T05:07:47-07:00 Amanda Rosin de Oliveira amandarosin@gmail.com Ana Helena Dreissig anahdreissig@gmail.com Gabriela Oliveira Wedekin gabriela.wedekin@uel.br <p>The transformations caused by the COVID-19 pandemic affected people's routines and lifestyles on a global scale, especially regarding the role of technology. This becomes clear when we examine the state of education currently. The sudden suspension of traditional teaching and the critical aspect in the academy may be the perfect opportunity for a new examination of the potentials and challenges higher education currently faces. This article aims to circumscribe the pandemic's impacts on higher education and its constituents: students, professors, and educational institutions, after this great increase in technology's role in people's daily lives. This is materialized from a bibliographic review by the presented studies of Educação Vigiada "education monitored" (2020), GAFAM's monopoly over digital education platforms, and how data colonialism comes unnoticed as a consequence of the new technology-focused lifestyles. It was sought to draw a panorama from the opinions of students and teachers, through the SEMESP (2020) survey, pointing to the challenges and potentialities that will help in the adaptation of education in the future context.</p> 2021-10-31T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://publicacoes.amigosdanatureza.org.br/index.php/gerenciamento_de_cidades/article/view/2983 Analysis of sidewalks and facades in a stretch of urban beach fringe 2021-12-01T12:07:45-08:00 Ricardo Machado Becker ricardobecker.arquiteto@gmail.com André de Souza Silva silandre@unisinos.br <p>Attractiveness to walkability is seen as one of the fundamental factors that contributes to walking on foot in cities. In assessing the quality of the anthropic environment, some methodologies for diagnosing walkability indices take this factor into account. The objective of the research is to analyze the interaction between people, sidewalks and facades in a stretch of urban beachfront, related to factors that attract the daily practice of walking. Taking as a case study the applicability of the walkability index in a beachfront sector in the city of Ilhéus, in the state of Bahia, specifically with regard to its “Attraction” category, and analyze the results obtained compared to other similar studies. In the methodology used in this study, of qualitative and quantitative evaluation, “Attraction” is a category evaluated through four indicators related to facades and uses of urban land. In addition to the walkability analysis, we sought to ascertain the influence that “active facades” and “complete streets” are capable of exercising on the visual interconnection between the activities inside the buildings and the sidewalk segments that confront them, which are fundamental in promoting urban life. Regarding the results obtained, the final calculation showed that the aforementioned category, with regard to pedestrians, proved to be deficient, possibly due to the fact that the interaction between facades and streets is still being planned, prioritizing the circulation of cars, to the detriment of the human scale of pedestrians and active urban mobility.</p> 2021-12-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021