Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades <p>We are pleased to inform you that the <br /><strong>“Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades” </strong>obtained the Qualis A4, as per a previous study of the new methodology for evaluating journals by CAPES (Official Letter No. 6/2019-CGAP/DAV/CAPES).</p> <p>The Revista Nacional de Gestão de Cidades is aimed at disseminating scientific papers, the result of empirical, experimental or conceptual research, resulting from master's, doctoral or similar researches.</p> <p>Magazine Focus - <strong>"Architecture and Urbanism with an emphasis on planning and management"</strong></p> <p><strong>Architecture, Urbanism and Design</strong> <strong>Area</strong></p> <p> </p> <p>Attention - <strong>As of 2020 articles will be published in English and Portuguese.</strong></p> <p>For submission, articles authored or co-authored by undergraduate or graduate students will not be accepted, "all authors" must be linked to stricto sensu programs or have a minimum master's degree.</p> ANAP - Associação Amigos de Natureza de Alta Paulista pt-BR Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades 2318-8472 <div id="icpbravoaccess_loaded"> <div id="icpbravoaccess_loaded">A declaração de direito autoral informada aqui aparecerá na página Sobre a revista e nos metadados de cada documento publicado.</div><div> </div><div><a href="">Modelo de declaração</a> </div></div><div id="icpbravoaccess_loaded"> </div><div id="icpbravoaccess_loaded"> </div> Socio-environmental vulnerability as a consequence of urban problems in Brazil: An overview <p>The expansion of human occupation over the limits of cities leads to the depletion of infrastructure, impacts on its dynamics and imposes mobility difficulties. This type of territorial occupation results in urbanization patterns that undermine equity, efficiency and the continuity of the city as a support for social life. Therefore, this article aims to reflect on the importance of socio-environmental vulnerability in territorial planning and its use to guarantee the social function of the city. In order to reach the objective, an integrative review was used using the following questions: What approaches have guided the approaches to socio-environmental vulnerability in undergraduate and graduate courses? What are the methodologies for applying socio-environmental vulnerability that can be identified in the publications? For the selection of articles, the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) database was used. It can be seen that research on socio-environmental vulnerability has contributed satisfactorily to the importance of this topic in Brazil, which allows progress through the use of new techniques and tools, which enabled a favorable diagnosis of socio-environmental vulnerability factors in the country. Brazilian context. However, it was found that in Brazil there is great potential to make a qualitative leap in several areas, including the issue of territorial planning, which should associate measures of an ethical, social, economic and environmental nature that carry out the maximum of Brazilian environmental legislation. With regard to land use and occupation, there is still a lack of awareness for an orderly, balanced and fair occupation.</p> Elton de Oliveira Gonçalves Alfredo Marcelo Grigio Luiz Tavernard de Souza Neto Marco Antonio Diodato Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-17 2022-07-17 10 77 10.17271/23188472107620223091 Open Spaces and Transformations in the Territory of the Encosta Norte Housing Complex, East Side of São Paulo <p>This article consists of an analysis of open spaces network in the Encosta Norte Housing Complex, located in the city of São Paulo. The complex accommodates a series of open areas in its extensive area that can be grouped into three categories: programmed spaces, spaces of spontaneous use and spaces of potentiality. The first group consists of squares conceived in the original CDHU project and which contain equipment and furniture for permanence, leisure and physical exercise. The second group is the result of the transformation processes that the area has undergone since the installation of the complex and whose uses have been adapted gradually. Potential areas are empty awaiting definition of form and use. This article aims to understand how the network of open spaces is constituted and consolidated from the use that residents make of it. To this end, the methodology applied uses technical visits to the site, interviews with technicians from the CDHU, in addition to the analysis of documents such as maps, projects and literature review. As a result, a fragmented territory was found, with free spaces included in the different categories listed, and which, at times, distanced itself from the planned condition during the idealization of the set. It is possible to understand that this network of open spaces in the Encosta Norte Housing Complex is diversified and made more flexible depending on how residents use each of these spaces: sometimes as a permanence, sometimes as a crossing, sometimes as leisure, sometimes as a latency void.</p> Rita de Cássia Nogueira Pinheiro Franklin Roberto Ferreira de Paula Maria Isabel Imbronito Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-17 2022-07-17 10 77 10.17271/23188472107720223191 Ecological Urbanism: metabolic rift and phantasmagoria <p>This article seeks to contribute to the argument that Ecological Urbanism is a movement or a valid concept to promote resilience, sustainability and a socio-environmental diversity that values localities, presenting a resistance to hegemonic processes and patterns of a globalized urbanism. In this sense, a literature review and analysis was carried out regarding ecological urbanism itself, as well as the metabolic rift, in order to contribute to its ecological aspect and the phantasmagoria to approach its urban side. Defending the use of historical materialism in the analysis of urban space and the city, as well as the social, political, cultural and economic relations that permeate urban ecologies.</p> Victor Garcia Figueirôa-Ferreira Tatiane Borchers Ricardo Augusto Souza Fernandes Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-17 2022-07-17 10 77 10.17271/23188472107720223192 Urban Parks: from romanticizing to sanitation – from theory to reality <p>Urban parks have always accompanied the history of man. They represent the main areas for leisure, recreation and contact with nature in city environments. Identifying the formation and transition processes of these spaces reveals the influences that determined parks’ profiles as they are today. This article sets out to trace the historical, conceptual and functional evolution of urban parks and identify tendencies in the typologies of new parks. The historical method is employed whereby investigations of processes in the past enable a verification of their influence on present day society. In the past, parks emerged to improve urban populations’ quality of life in the post-industrialization period whereas, nowadays, parks seek to strike a balance between built up areas and natural ones. Against that background parks are a response to the needs and aspirations of the population in each historical period of its living experience. Currently the most frequently proposed park typology is that of ‘linear parks’ associated to water courses. Given the absence of spaces in cities that would enable the maintenance of ecological integrity in valley-bottoms, and the advanced state of degradation of those environments, new parks tend to be designed from a sanitation perspective as their functionalities can foster flood control by means of permeable areas, avoidance of irregular occupation by attributing new land use, and contributions to the quality of life by making leisure and recreation spaces available. This research contributes by systematizing the evolutive process and identifying tendencies in the configuration of new parks to address contemporary needs.</p> <p class="RESUMO">.</p> Larissa Fernanda Vieira Martins Copyright (c) 2022 Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades 2022-07-16 2022-07-16 10 77 10.17271/23188472107720222842 Relationship between Vegetation, Sky View Factor and Thermal Comfort: A Systematic Literature Review <p>The relationship between urban morphology and thermal conditions has been subject of several scientific studies and, recently, the role of vegetation in this context has been investigated, aiming to understand its contributions to the improvement of thermal comfort in outdoor environments. This study aimed to understand the relationship between urban vegetation present in the sky view factor (FVC) and thermal comfort. A systematic literature review on the subject was carried out by applying an adaptation of the Preferred Reporting Items methodological approach for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), seeking to guarantee a transparent and replicable work. The evaluated materials were obtained through database searches using the terms vegetation AND “thermal comfort” AND “sky view factor” and selected by criteria defined by the “PICOS” strategy. parameters referring to the main characteristics of the researches and results achieved, through the reading and tabulation of data with the help of electronic spreadsheets. The results obtained highlight the growing interest in the subject in scientific research, but demonstrate a lack of studies in Latin American countries. It is also observed that most studies indicate a positive relationship between vegetation in the FVC and thermal comfort, with the incidence of negative results at night, winter or interference with wind speed. Such scenarios indicate the need for more studies that seek better understand the particularities of the behavior of urban vegetation in different ways. between climatic and morphological contexts.</p> Simone Merino Chiquetti João Roberto Gomes de Faria Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-17 2022-07-17 10 77 10.17271/23188472107720223199 Weaving memories: the creation and trajectory of the project “The city for all: perception, belonging, and preservation of the cultural heritage as a way of constituting the senses of collectivity in Bocaina city” <p>The project "The city for all: perception, belonging, and preservation of the cultural heritage as a way of constituting the senses of collectivity in Bocaina city”, created in 2020, is an initiative of the Research Center for Language Studies in Architecture and City of the Institute of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of São Paulo, in São Carlos. Supported by the citizen science methodology, it aims at sharing scientific actions between university and city and creating a space for dialogue with the population towards a collective construction of scientific and empirical knowledge about Bocaina and subsidies for the development of public policies for the city focused on Cultural Heritage. This article describes the project and its trajectory to date for encouraging the design of projects in other contexts as a way to establish links, stimulate a sense of belonging, and above all, keep the local collective memory alive, thinking, in other words, in the broader sense of the [univer]city" concept.</p> Ana Laura Assumpção Bruna Cristina Bevilaqua Paulo César Castral Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-17 2022-07-17 10 77 10.17271/23188472107720223200 Biocementation promoted by bacteria in concrete recovery and soil stabilization <p>The use of intelligent and adaptable materials has been gaining ground in the construction industry, due to the ecological market demand and the awareness of investing in sustainable techniques, with low energy consumption and anthropogenic emission of carbon dioxide. The development of materials and construction methods, with energy efficiency, adaptable to environmental conditions and non-polluting has become a requirement for the progress of the sector and the future of cities. Thus, the objective of this bibliographic review is to provide an overview of the application of biocementing promoted by bacteria in the recovery of structures and soil stabilization. This technique uses minerals resulting from bacterial metabolic activities, which occur at room temperature, such as microbiologically induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP), to produce cementitious materials with structural functionalities, durability and without harming the environment. Several applications of this process have been proposed in civil engineering, such as the bioconcrete in the remediation of fissures, in the restoration of stones cultural heritage and in the improvement of the physical-mechanical properties of the soil, changing its resistance and permeability. Understanding how this biotechnology can change current construction strategies and solutions, integrating nature-based systems into construction projects, will be discussed in this study.</p> Ismar Batista Teles Ligiane Aparecida Florentino Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-18 2022-07-18 10 77 10.17271/23188472107720223099 The morphological faces of Barra da Tijuca in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) <p><em>The urban revolution of Barra da Tijuca-RJ was characterized by a late growth, due to its location, to be an immense sand and concentration of great extensions of land in the hands of a few. This finding reflects subsequent actions in the region, where the real state growth process and road connections were the focus of urban actions. Lucio Costa's pilot plan, with modernist characteristics, arises from the need to anticipate the uncontrolled and inevitable ocupation process of the area. The plan aimed to prevent the reprodution of what had happened with other neighborhoods on the Rio de Janeiro coast, which were experiencing intense densification. </em></p> <p><em>After 50 years, several changes were made to update the plan to the present, to remedy some points in which the plan did not have enough detail and many that succumbed to real estate pressures. </em></p> <p><em>In this way, this article aims to analyze the transformations that took place in Barra da Tijuca, from the implementation of the plan to the current urban fabric, and verify the urban design performance and real estate pressure as modelers of the neighborhood.</em></p> Geise Brizotti Pasquotto Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-09 2022-08-09 10 77 10.17271/23188472107720223208